Charms of Baião, between Douro and Marão

Charms of Baião, between Douro and Marão

Located in the district of Porto, Baião is the least populated municipality (20,000 inhabitants), which does not make it any less interesting. Quite the contrary: there are many charms of Baião, between the Douro and Marão.

In this sense, the giant green area it holds, together with its natural wealth and privileged geographical location, contribute immensely to being a spectacular destination.

Source: Tripadvisor

To the north, the Marão mountain range and the Aboboreira plateau give it an immense dazzle. To the south, the Douro River valley delights anyone’s eyes, thanks to its characteristic sumptuousness. 

Likewise, its immense heritage, natural corners, wine landscapes, and delicious cuisine dazzle anyone who visits the region. 

In the historical sense, Terra de Baião has its origins in the medieval period, and a few thousand years before, Aboboreira was the scene of the first religious manifestations. Consequently, the construction of numerous megalithic tombs made this region an authentic archaeological sanctuary. 

If you are looking for an “out of the box” destination, choosing Baião is an excellent one. Before setting out to explore, take advantage of our tips and get to know some of its main attractions.


Farmer’s House 

First and foremost, Casa do Lavrador is a rural and ethnographic museum, which is part of the Cultural and Recreational Association of Santa Cruz do Douro. Its reconstruction dates back to 1999, in honor of Augusto Gomes dos Santos, honorary president of the Portuguese Folklore Federation. 

Thus, the peasant’s house from the beginning of the 19th century, both exterior and interior. This living museum consists of a traditional kitchen, a room, a wine shop, and a threshing floor. Homemade bread is made here, weaving is practiced and taught, and agricultural activities are carried out using period techniques and tools. 

Likewise, and according to the time of year, the space promotes activities such as making marmalade and jams, and smoking, among others. As the name implies, Ceia da Lagarada (grape stomping, as in the old days), Desfolhada, Malha do Milho, and Pork Cutting are part of the list of activities in which you can participate. 

The house, which annually welcomes huge numbers of people, allows them to enjoy the excellent cuisine prepared, as it has for over a century, in the fireplace and the wood oven. 

In this way, broad bean rice with browned chicken, oven rice with roasted chicken, and roasted potatoes are part of the delicacies. This is in addition to grilled pork on the coals with loose vegetable rice, homemade chicken giblets rice, or firecrackers with boiled potatoes, among others. 

Therefore, be one of the visitors and let yourself be dazzled by the wonders of Farmer’s House.


Source: Visit Baião

Megalithic Ensemble of Serra da Aboboreira 

Primarily, the tumulus of Serra da Aboboreira is the oldest testimony of the man/landscape known in the region. These are funerary monuments built between the 5th and 3rd millennium BC, in the middle of the Neolithic period. 

Therefore, among the sets that you can visit in this mountain are Outeiro de Gregos, Meninas do Crasto, or Outeiro de Ante. For more than four decades, Serra da Aboboreira has been the scene of a systematic study of its archaeological values, of which the monuments known as a megalithic stand out.

Source: Câmara Municipal de Baião

Church of Sao Tiago de Valadares 

Firstly, this church was built at the end of the 13th century, possibly over an earlier building, as witnessed by the ashlar (stone) inscribed with the date of Era 1226 (the year 1188). As the name implies, the Church is dedicated to the apostle São Tiago Maior and its façade is topped by a bell tower and the portal has a slightly broken exterior archivolt. 

Furthermore, as far as the interior is concerned, it was completely redefined by Baroque interventions, featuring the traditional scenography of carving, to which is added the painting of the vaulted ceiling of the nave and the work on the chancel. On the north side, the Church’s original corbels stand out, with decoration characteristic of the Romanesque style of Tâmega e Sousa. 

Likewise, here resides a set of wall paintings (from the 15th century) that show scenes from the lives of saints and Christ: one of the most original discoveries in art historiography.

Source – Rota do Românico

Monastery of Ancede

Although the date of its foundation is not known, it is known that in 1120 this Monastery belonged to the Diocese of Porto. Later, in 1141, D. Afonso Henriques sold the Charter of Couto to the Abbot of the Monastery.

Then, in 1560, it was attached to the Convent of São Domingos de Lisbon, by the decision of Pope Pius IV.

Further ahead, in the 18th century, several buildings were built that still make this architectural complex stand out today. Among them are the Barns and Cellar, the octagonal Chapel of Nosso Sr. do Bom Despacho, and, probably, the Fountain.

Finally, in the 19th century, the Monastery was sold at public auction, becoming the property of the Baron of Ancede.

Another of Baião’s charms.


Source: Rota do Românico


Cover photo: All About Portugal

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